Joint Replacement Surgery
A joint is any area where two bones are attached to allow movement of body parts, and is usually formed of fibrous connective tissue and cartilage. Joint replacement surgery, known as arthroplasty, a part of orthopaedic surgery, involves a diseased or damaged joint being removed and replaced with an artificial one (known as a prosthesis). Artificial joints are usually made of metal, ceramic or plastic materials. The most common joint replacements are the hip and knee, along with the shoulder and ankle.
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