Health Services related to Nose and Throat

Nose & Throat Services

Includes head and neck surgery, oral and maxillofacial surgery, nose and sinus disorders, parathyroid / parotid surgery, salivary gland surgery, snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), swallowing disorders, thyroid surgery, voice disorders, rhinoplasty, melanoma and head & neck lumps.

Otolaryngology – Ear, Nose & Throat (ENT)

Services provided by Otolaryngologists may include head & neck lumps, swallowing disorders, sinus disease, snoring and sleep apnoea surgery, voice disorders, rhinoplasty, mouth and skin cancers and thyroid lumps.

Head & Neck Surgery

Services include head and neck cancers, reconstructive surgery, thyroid and parathyroid surgery, melanoma, neck lumps, parotid and salivary gland surgery.

Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

Services include treatment of the mouth, face and jaws, dentoalveolar surgery, removing and transplanting teeth, dental implants, orthognathic surgery and trauma surgery.

Nose & Sinus Disorders

Services may include surgery for nasal obstruction, chronic sinusitis, rhinitis, frequent nosebleeds.

Parathyroid / Parotid Surgery

Parathyroid surgery involves removal of one or more of the parathyroid glands (known as parathyroidectomy) under anaesthetic.

Salivary Gland Surgery

The salivary glands can be affected by various diseases, such as mumps, and tumours can also occur. Most salivary tumours are benign (non-cancerous) and slow-growing, but malignant (cancerous) tumours also occur.

Snoring/OSA (Specialists)

Snoring can sometimes be a sign of a sleep disorder called obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Apnoea involves periods when you partly or completely stop breathing for more than 10 seconds while asleep. The episode is followed by a sudden gasp or snort when breathing resumes. Then, snoring starts again. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is a common treatment. CPAP is delivered by a machine with a tight-fitting face mask. It aims to decrease snoring and prevent sleep apnoea.

Swallowing Disorders / Dysphagia

Treating dysphagia depends on the type and severity of a patient’s swallowing difficulty. For difficulties in the mouth and throat areas, treatments are generally focused on swallowing therapy, including exercises, and dietary changes. For problems in the esophagus, treatment options may include surgery or medicine.

Thyroid Surgery

Thyroid disorders can include an overactive gland, called hyperthyroidism, or an underactive gland, called hypothyroidism. Both can result in an enlarged thyroid gland. Sometimes surgery is required to remove the thyroid gland. A thyroid nodule is a small swelling or lump in the thyroid gland. They are usually examined with imaging such as ultrasound or MRI, and a fine-needle aspiration biopsy, a relatively painless procedure to take tissue fluid samples from the nodule.

Voice Disorders / PhonoSurgery

A Voice disorder is any of a group of problems involving abnormal pitch, loudness or quality of the sounds produced by the larynx (the voice box). Treatment for voice disorders varies widely depending on the cause and may include behaviour change, medication and surgery. Phonosurgery involves procedures to maintain, restore or enhance the voice.