Snoring/OSA (Specialists)

An

Otolaryngologist

(or

Ear, Nose and Throat

Doctor or

ENT

) can help you to determine the source of your

snoring

. Snoring may be a sign the more serious condition known as

obstructive sleep apnoea

(

OSA

). A sleep study (polysomnogram) is often used to confirm OSA. OSA is characterized by multiple episodes of breathing pauses greater than 10 seconds at a time, due to upper airway narrowing or collapse.

Apnoea

patients may experience 30 to 300 such events per night. Factors that increase the risk of OSA include: shape of the palate or airway; large tonsils and adenoids in children, weight. OSA may lead to tiredness, leg swelling; depression; and hyperactive behaviour, especially in children. Untreated obstructive sleep apnea increases the risk of developing heart attacks, strokes, diabetes, and many other medical problems. Continuous positive airway pressure (

(CPAP)

is a common treatment. CPAP is delivered by a machine with a tight-fitting face mask. It aims to decrease snoring and prevent sleep apnoea. Other treatment options may include: dental appliances to prevent the tongue from falling back; and surgery to the palate, nose, sinuses and airways. Lifestyle changes to relieve symptoms, may involve: avoiding alcohol or sedatives at bedtime; not sleeping on the back; and losing weight.

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