Testicular Cancer

Cancer of the

testicles

occurs when cells in a testicle become

malignant

and grow into a

tumour

. Nearly all of testicular cancers begin in the germ cells, which produce immature sperm. Signs and symptoms can include a lump in either testicle, pain in the abdomen or groin, pain in the testicles or

scrotum

, a weighted feeling in the scrotum, a sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum, back pain and an enlargement or tenderness of the breasts. A physical exam, medical history and tests will diagnose testicular cancer. Blood tests and an ultrasound can diagnose a tumour. A

radical inguinal orchiectomy

is the surgical procedure to remove a testicle. Once removed the tumour can be

biopsied

. Sometimes nearby

lymph nodes

will also need to be surgically removed if the cancer has spread. Specialists who treat testicular cancer are

urologists

, medical or

radiation oncologists

and

surgeons

. Treatment can include

radiation

or

chemotherapy

.

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