Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer most often occurs in the cells lining the bladder.

Tumours

develop in the bladder and can eventually spread to other organs if not treated. Symptoms of bladder cancer include blood in the urine,

pelvic pain

and

painful urination

. If the cancer spreads symptoms can include

lower back pain

,

loss of appetite

, can’t urinate even if need to,

swollen feet

and

fatigue

. For diagnosis medical and family history is taken along with physical exams and various tests. Tests include

urine tests

,

digital rectal exam

as well as imaging tests including

cystoscopy

,

CT

and

MRI scans

,

ultrasounds

and

intravenous pyelogram

. If a tumour is present a

urologist

and medical or

radiation oncologists

and surgeons will treat the patient. A transurethral resection of bladder tumour (

TURBT

) is a surgical procedure to remove a bladder tumour for biopsy to diagnose cancer. Other treatments are

chemotherapy

or

radiation therapy

,

immunotherapy

and a

cystectomy

(removal of all or part of the bladder).

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