Specialist Diabetes diagnosis and management is provided by Endocrinologists. Although diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) condition, it can be controlled. The immediate aim is to lower high blood glucose levels and treat diabetic ketoacidosis (when the body cannot use glucose as a fuel fat is used instead; by-products of fat breakdown, called ketones, build up in the body). Long-term aims are to reduce symptoms and prevent diabetes-related complications such as blindness, heart disease, kidney failure and amputation of limbs. These goals are accomplished through: blood pressure and cholesterol control; medication or insulin use; self-testing of blood glucose levels; exercise; foot care; meal planning and weight control; education and support.

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